Kazakhstan, the 9th largest country in the world, is 32 years old

Kazakhstan, the 9th largest country in the world, is 32 years old

Kazakhstan, which is the 9th largest country in the world by area and has the largest territory among the Turkic states, is celebrating the 32nd anniversary of its independence.

Kazakhstan, which was part of the former Soviet Union for about 70 years, declared its independence to the whole world 32 years ago. December 16, 1991 The Supreme Council (Parliament) Kazakhstan has adopted a historical document officially confirming the independence of the country.

Kazakhstan, home to the largest nuclear test site in the Soviet Union and the first space base, in the early years of its independence closed the Semipalatinsk nuclear test site in the east of the country, which housed the world's 4th largest arsenal of weapons of mass destruction, sending a signal to the international community that they would pursue a peaceful and multifaceted foreign policy.

Kazakhstan, whose population has halved after the socio-economic collapse and the wave of migration in the country, has increased exports of uranium, oil and gas, which have large reserves on its territory, to develop its economy.

Kazakhstan, which ranks ninth in the world by area, has successfully carried out work on defining state borders with Russia in the north, China in the east, Kyrgyzstan, Uzbekistan and Turkmenistan in the south and southwest.

Kazakhstan's economy is the largest in Central Asia

Kazakhstan has the largest economy in Central Asia with a gross domestic product approaching $250 billion.

Kazakhstan, which attracts attention with its location on an important route connecting Europe and Asia, intends to build 1,300 kilometers of railways in the next three years to become a "transit country" in the region.

In a country ruled by founding President Nursultan Nazarbayev for 28 years, a new era in the political sphere began on March 19, 2019.

Kassym-Jomart Tokayev, a diplomat who was elected the second president of Kazakhstan, carried out constitutional reform in the country in order to create a new model of governance.

In Kazakhstan, where the country's population has reached 20 million this year, the government intends to double the volume of the national economy to $450 billion by 2029.

Relations with Turkey

Turkey was recorded as "the first country to recognize the independence of Kazakhstan." This year, the two countries celebrate the 31st anniversary of the establishment of diplomatic relations.

During this period, Turkey and Kazakhstan increased the volume of mutual trade from $30 million to $8 billion.

Continuing cooperation in the regional and international arena, the two countries have taken important initiatives to integrate the Turkic world.

He was at the origins of the creation of joint institutions such as the Organization of Turkic States, the International Organization of Turkic Culture (TURKSOY), the International Turkic Academy (TWESCO) and the Parliamentary Assembly of Turkic States (TURKPA).

Relations between Turkey and Kazakhstan have been elevated to the rank of an "expanded strategic partnership".

Turkey, which is currently the 5th country with which Kazakhstan has the largest volume of foreign trade after Russia, China, Italy and South Korea, is known as the 3rd country that has increased its investments in Kazakhstan the most in recent years after the United States and Switzerland.

According to official data, there are more than 3 thousand companies with Turkish capital operating in the country.

More than 80 regular flights have already been opened between Turkey and Kazakhstan, where direct flights between the capitals of the two countries started last year.