Kyrgyzstan commemorates those who died for independence

Kyrgyzstan commemorates those who died for independence


Kyrgyzstan has honored the memory of those who "gave their lives for the independence of the country" during the Russian tsardom and the Soviet Union.


At the foot of the mountains, 25 kilometers from Bishkek, the capital of Kyrgyzstan, there is a National historical and Memorial complex "Ata Beyit", which contains tombs and monuments.

Grave grave of the Russian Empire in 1916, symbolizing the uprising of the Kyrgyz against the Russian empire in 1916 and meaning "The Great Escape", the graves of the intelligentsia, shot in 1938 during the reign of the leader of the Soviet Union Joseph Stalin, a museum with their belongings and other objects are located in the complex, which is also called "Ata Beyit Memorial Cemetery (Grave of the Father)". documents, the grave of the world-famous Kyrgyz writer Dzhengiz Aitmatov.

Since 2017, events on the occasion of the "Day of Remembrance of Historians and Antiquities" have been held annually on November 7-8 at the Ata Beyit National Historical and Monument Complex. Here, statesmen and people lay flowers at the monuments, pray and talk about the heroism of those who "gave their lives for the independence of the country."


It attracts attention as a place where Kyrgyz intellectuals were shot

Stalin, who came to power in 1924 after the creation of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR), ordered the execution or exile of many people of all nationalities because of the totalitarian regime he imposed.

Some sources confirmed that in the period 1937-1938, in particular, he was imprisoned on the territory of Kyrgyzstan for allegedly "identifying many people aged 12 to 82 years for allegedly divulging ideas and state secrets."

In October-November 1938, the Minister of Internal Affairs of the Kyrgyz Republic of the Soviet Union, Ivan Lotsman, led the events during which members of the government and intellectuals of that time were arrested and shot in the middle of the night.


It is documented that among those executed was Toleikul Aitmatov, the father of Aitmatov, the author of the work "My Topolek in a Red Kerchief", at that time the Minister of Industry and Trade.


Kasym Tynystanov, Ishenali Arabaev, who prepared the first Kyrgyz alphabet, Yusup Abdrakhmanov, one of the statesmen who laid the cornerstone of the Kyrgyz state, Bayaly Isakeev, Imanali Aidarbekov and many patriots were among the names of victims of the regime of that period.

The bodies of the executed figures were found 53 years later

53 years later, it became known that during the Stalinist period of fear and repression, 137 figures were shot and buried in a mass grave at the place where the Ata Beyit memorial cemetery is located today.

Bolot Abdrakhmanov, an employee of the State Security Committee (KGB), intelligence and secret service of the Soviet Union, was the first to discover this mass grave.


Bubuira Kydyralieva, the daughter of the caretaker Abihan Kydyraliev, who witnessed the burial of intellectuals in a mass grave, shared her father's will with the scout Abdrakhmanov. As a result of the investigations carried out, it was confirmed that the remains of the bodies found as a result of excavations led by Abdrakhmanov belonged to the missing intellectuals.

The bodies were buried on the eve of the declaration of independence

On August 30, 1991, the official funeral of 137 bodies exhumed from a mass grave took place on the eve of the declaration of independence of Kyrgyzstan.

The area where intellectuals were buried with the participation of thousands of people and political figures, at the suggestion of the writer Dzhengiz Aitmatov, was named "Ata Beyit (Father's Grave)".

After his death, Chingiz Aitmatov was buried in 2008 in Ata Bayit, where, according to his will, the grave of his father Toleykul Aitmatov is located.


The intelligence officer who revealed the secret of 53 years ago changed the fate of the country


Retired intelligence officer Abdrakhmanov in a statement to the correspondent of "AA" said that he was the first to open a mass grave at the place where 137 intellectuals from many countries were shot.

Describing the event that changed the fate of the country, Abdrakhmanov noted that "Bybyura Kydyralieva" shared with him her father's will in 1990.

Abdrakhmanov quoted Kydyralieva's words that there was a "mass grave" on the territory that was used as a recreation center of the State Security Committee of the Soviet Union.

"Together we went to the place where Kadyralieva again stepped on her foot for the first time in 53 years." Abdrakhmanov said: "It was December, the weather was very cold and snowy. I asked Kadyralieva: "When it gets warmer, can you show me the place where the mass grave is again?" I asked. We left after receiving the answer "Yes".


According to Abdrakhmanov, in April 1991, when the weather warmed up, he and Kadyralieva returned to the scene and showed him the mass grave site, which was discovered in the place where he played as a child.

Stating that they had started excavations with an archaeologist from the university, Abdrakhmanov continued:

"When we were excavating with an archaeologist, we first came across a skull. There were bullet marks on his skull. After I was convinced of what the woman said, I reported the incident to my management, but we did not know whose remains were underground. Excavation work officially began in July. During the excavations, we found the remains of 137 bodies."

According to Abdrakhmanov, he assumed that there were high-ranking officials among those shot, since the teeth on some of the remains of the bodies were gold.


Abdrakhmanov said that during the deepening of the excavations, execution documents were found that became "black", and at the bottom of the grave a firing document belonging to Aitmatov's father was found.

Abdrakhmanov said that he continues to work with writer Aitmatov as a scientist at the Ata Bayit National Historical and Memorial Complex, where there are graves of a total of 138 intellectuals.

Turkish and Kyrgyz students honor the memory of history and ancestors

Turkish and Kyrgyz students studying at the Kyrgyz-Turkish University "Manas" (KTMU) laid flowers and prayed at a memorial ceremony held in the complex where 138 intellectuals are buried.

The rector of KTMU, Professor Dr. Alpaslan Ceylan, who accompanied the students, said that as a university they showed respect for history and ancestors by marching with a flag for the first time, and said: "We want to give our students historical consciousness, national identity, faith and spirituality, as well as science."